Updated at: 12-03-2022 - By: cnbusinessnews

When you are learning to cut and make patterns, we require the right instructions. Although it may seem simple initially sewing is an art only those who have a high degree of persistence are able to master.

It’s not that difficult to sew, per se. But there are a number of elements we must be aware of when making a garment or dress and, of course, designing our own patterns after we have learned the technique of sewing.

We don’t wish to scare anyone away today. We are here to demonstrate how simple it is to create patterns that work. Anyone can make use of patterns to design something that’s completely distinctive!

How to Use a Sewing Pattern

How to use a sewing pattern
The first thing we need to understand is that we can find sewing patterns almost anywhere. In the past it was necessary to make their own patterns, since there were no magazines like Burda. Today, however we can download them online and purchase magazines from shops that specialize in them.

Even though we may have patterns doesn’t mean that we can apply it immediately. There are some things we need to think about before we can sew and cut patterns.

Selecting the correct size

Sewing clothes is more than buying them, because with sewing, we get a possibility to create something completely distinctive. Furthermore we can create clothing that fits our bodies like a glove, however, we’ll have to determine how to alter the fit of different clothes.

In all cases, the first step in sewing any item, be it the dress or shirt and taking measurements. In order to do this, we’ll definitely require an accurate tape measure as well as someone who can help us measure our body.

Most of the time we’ll need to determine :

  • It is the bust (under and over our chest)
  • Our waist
  • The hips
  • Our legs

In the case of sewing something with sleeves, we’ll have to take measurements:

  • The length of the arms we carry
  • the length of our wrists, forearms the width of our wrists, forearms, etc.

It’s an excellent idea to take a measurement of our entire body. So, we won’t need to use a different pair of hands (or contact our friend) whenever we want make a garment. If the weight of our body doesn’t change frequently this measurement will be ideal for sewing many of clothes items.

Multi-sized patterns

This is the place where we could easily commit a mistake. Magazines such as Burda for instance, offer patterns with multiple sizes. This means that we can utilize these patterns to create clothing in a variety of sizes.

It’s a great thing if you would like to master sewing and perhaps create clothes for family members. Although these patterns are marked with different marks to indicate the size to apply, we shouldn’t make them into a cutout. Instead, we should trace your own designs that are suitable for the size of our dress. This way, we don’t make the pattern unusable for different sizes and can keep it in use for many years to be.

What is the best way to trace the pattern?

The process of tracing a pattern isn’t all that difficult. In the end, even the case that we fail it is easy to get an additional piece of paper and start again.

The first thing we’d have to do is grab the pencil (or even an eraser) and place the tracing paper on top of the pattern. In order to hold the pattern in place, it is possible to attach it on top of the pattern. The more pins you use, more effective the results. it’s not an area in which we need to save money on these supplies.

In the future, all sizes will have distinct markings. For instance that a size ten could be identified with a full line, while the size 12 would be marked with an alternate line, or perhaps broken. But, even it’s not a standard. The best thing to do is carefully study directions and then read the entire pattern attentively. Most of the time, there are marks at the edges of pattern pieces that tell us the size of each.

After we’ve decided on the size we’ll choose the only thing we need to do is draw lines onto the paper. Don’t be concerned if you fail to make a mistake, even the case that we decide to increase the size, it’s just a sign that there’s more room to make changes later.

Allotment (wearing ease)

Most sewing patterns include something known as the “allowance.” This is the variation between the measurements of our body and the measurements of the finished garment. It tells us what the clothing will be sized according to the size of the garment loose fitting, etc.

It’s safest to say that making allowances is a good idea because we can easily alter the clothes in the future. It’s something that is a little like making a rocket in the realm of sewing, and isn’t as simple to accomplish. So, if we’re just beginning to develop our sewing abilities it is possible to take this allowance off and then find a tailor who can cut it to fit the measurements of our bodies.

It is also possible to not include the allowance, however, should we make mistakes, that we can’t use the fabric for any reason. It’s always more beneficial to have a bit more material than we’ll need in order to learn how to sew and cut patterns.

What do we first sew?

Even though we’d like to create a lavish corseted, smocked dress right away the chances are that we’ll make mistakes due to lack of knowledge. So, it’s better to start small like a T-shirt the blouse, or a classy skirt. Additionally, we should look for designs that aren’t too difficult, i.e., are described with the words “easy” in the magazines or on the design on the pattern.

The best resources for learning how to sew and cut patterns

The best materials for learning how to cut and sew patterns
The kind of fabric we pick will be based on the kind of clothing we’re wearing. In Burda we’ll always be able to find suggestions for different kinds of clothing.

The simplest Google search will show us the kinds of fabrics available, but it’s recommended to visit the store and touch every single one. So, we can decide which fabric is appropriate for what we’d like to wear.

In any event, we don’t recommend beginning with expensive fabrics as soon as you can. In fact, when you’re making your first attempt at sewing, you should start with a basic canvas. If you make a mistake then you can discard the fabric and begin over!

Additionally, we should not opt for stretchy clothes immediately. We’d need to figure out the amount the fabric will stretch over our body and is too complicated for an inexperienced.

What amount of fabric do we require?

Before cutting and sewing patterns, we’ll need to know the amount of fabric needed to make the item we’re planning to create. Fortunately, we’ll also discover these tips from Burda as well as similar magazines.

The best guideline is not to purchase less than 2 millimeters of cloth. The two meters you buy will be sufficient for a sleeveless dress that is enough to make a skirt or even a shirt. But, if we are adding sleeves or creating pants, we’ll require some more.

The fact that you have extra fabric isn’t good, as you can always make use of the extra fabric to do other things. Imagine making the dress you want and then using a scrunchie that is made of the same fabric!

How to Sew From a Pattern

How to sew from a pattern
We’ve identified the right fabric to choose and know the size. It’s now a issue of understanding the pattern correctly and figuring out all the various marks on it.

Looking up a sewing pattern

The first thing to do is we must read the sewing pattern thoroughly. What exactly is this? It’s not just understanding the pattern, but also the directions.

The instructions are the best source when it comes to connecting the various components of the outfit. For instance, in Burda’s patterns, we can find small boxes with an illustration of required components that make up the patterns. Each component has a unique number.

This is a good moment to point out that certain elements that make up the design will naturally, be the same. In the case of making sleeves, you will not find two distinct patterns in magazines. It is expected to make two different patterns and name themfor instance sleeves one and two.

There is usually details about the quantity of similar patterns we require in the image above.

What do these marks refer to?

If we take a close look at any pattern we sew you will see some other markings aside from the ones that inform us the size of the pattern we’re drawing on the sheet. The markings we see are of most crucial importance when we want to make patterns that are perfectly cut and sewn. We need to ensure that the garment precisely how it ought to, i.e., how it appears in magazines as well as on the models. So, let’s take a look at what the most fundamental symbols are.

Grain line

The symbol for”grain line” is double-pointed bow arrow and indicates the direction we need to lay the fabric on the pattern.

Contrary to what is commonly believed it is not possible to sew and cut patterns any way we’d like. Fabric is made up of two kinds of threads which are the warp threads and the threads that weft. The warp threads have the highest strength, and therefore it’s crucial for the grain lines is towards that direction. In the event that it doesn’t, the clothing will appear strange and will not be a good fit for us at all.

Remember you need to consider that the grainline must coincide with the selvage edge of your fabric, i.e. the unfrayed edge.

Cutting line

Like the name suggests it is the line on which we create the design. Take note that if creating the pattern by tracing it over the paper, we will be required to draw this line too. In addition, if there aren’t seam allowances, then we’d be required to add them as well.

Typically, the symbol for this kind of line is broken, solid, or drawn line as well as the illustration of scissors.

Fold line

While it appears like an arrow that runs along the grain, the symbol features an attractive line that is exactly parallel to its length. It is a way of indicating which part of the must be aligned with the fold of the fabric. If we don’t achieve this, we will not have a flawless clothing piece since the pieces will not be able to fit in a proper way. In essence, the garment isn’t the right proportions as it ought to be.

To cut and sew the patterns in the right way it is necessary to draw the bold line underneath the arrow onto the fold.

Stitching line

Stitching line
As in the cut line, that line indicates where to sew the fabric. It is usually composed of broken lines, but occasionally, it has several other symbols next to it, for example, an arrow and a sewing foot. When we stitch, we should to stitch along the line and ensure that we’re going in the correct direction (to the direction it’s pointed).


These symbols take the shape of diamonds , or triangles, and represent the connecting points of seams. To get your garment fitting properly it is necessary to align the triangle or diamond bases of various pieces of clothing.

Adjustment line

This line is composed of two lines that illustrate where we may reduce or increase the length of a garment.

The most important aspect of this specific line of text is the fact that it must not be able to go above or below it. It is only possible to make use of the space it provides to modify the item of clothing. Otherwise, we could alter the entire design and ruin our work.


Here are a few of the most significant symbols that we will find in patterns. Darts show how our body naturally curves which is why we should fold and stitch to the darts. So, the clothing will fit well and exactly as we had planned.


The main purpose behind the dots that we see in the pattern is that we determine the locations where pockets should be placed or where the collars must be joined or join, etc. Additionally, these dots could be used to indicate gatherings, or places to place the tacks so as to make sure that the two fabrics in a perfect way.

Zipper line

This type of symbol typically takes the shape of a zig-zag and, as its name implies, it signifies where the zipper is located.

The button and the buttonhole are marked

Button and buttonhole markings
Usually, the position on the back of the button will be usually determined using an X. the buttonhole is simply a line. The X is obviously for the place we need to sew the button. In addition, the buttonhole is the exact size of the hole that the button will pass. This is why these two buttons are on different sides of the dress.

Seam allowance

While some patterns do not have this symbol, we may see it in beginner patterns. It typically consists of an elongated line and a small bracket that is squiggly, as well being certain fractions. In essence, it’s a way to determine how far away from the edge of the garment we should sew the fabric.

How to Cut a Sewing Pattern

To cut and make patterns, we’ll require a few tools essential to make it happen. The standard scissors we use at home aren’t enough. To get the best results, we should purchase sewing scissors.

You can get the scissors in almost any store with a specialization. We should, however, have a second pair too, since they are prone to dulling pretty quickly. The majority of the time 8-inch scissors are ideal to cut patterns.

A thing to keep in mind is that although we’ll be traversing cuts, you should not be discouraged if we have removed too much. If we have additional tracing paper, we could create a new pattern. If we don’t, however it’s always possible to use some tape to repair the pattern. We didn’t remove the fabric, therefore there’s nothing to worry about.

The pattern is then laid out on the fabric

The pattern manual will usually include an image of how we can arrange the patterns. These should be placed along the grain lines we mentioned earlier, and will allow us to remain error-free until we begin sewing.

It is important to be cautious in this regard and make sure we’ve followed the directions correctly. In particular, we should note the nap’s location and where on the other side should we put patterns pieces.

To make sure the pieces aren’t swaying around it is possible to use either needles or pins. They are also useful during sewing because they can be used to join two pieces of fabric and ensure that we do not wander off from our stitching lines.

Sew and cut patterns as the pros

Cut and sew patterns like a pro
After we’ve laid out the pattern pieces, it’s now time to apply some chalk to draw the pattern. This way, we don’t cut off too much or not enough.

You can also accomplish this using tracing paper and a tracing tool, but this method of chalking is more reliable and efficient.

In order to avoid to be confused to avoid confusion, we can label each piece of fabric separately. If we’re worried regarding our sewing or patterns, we could even draw words on the pieces so that we don’t miss a stitch.

In the end, if we like the pattern and wish to revisit it however it’s too fragile to keep you can trace it onto a more sturdy kind of cardboard or paper.

Final thoughts

This is pretty much it. Everyone can now learn to cut and stitch patterns without making a lot of errors in the initial few minutes.

I hope that you’ve learned something from this post. If you’ve got an idea to contribute or an item of advice from a professional that you would like to share, leave a comment in the section below. In addition, if you know someone who would like to know how to cut and sew patterns in the correct way make sure you send this article to them!