19 Different Parts of a Sewing Machine (Names and Functions)

25 min read

Sewing machines are an essential part of your the daily routine of a home. It’s always there helping you fix damaged clothes and blouses, as well as uniforms and even wedding gowns. Understanding the various parts of the machine will assist you in using it more effectively and be aware of what should be done in order to repair it when something is wrong.

One component on the sewing machine which will not be included in this listing is the cabinet for sewing. The cabinet or table could provide you with a perfect location to work from and protect the machine from harm. Of all the options that are available, this could be the most effective.

To know all the components on the sewing machine, in addition to the ones listed above, go through our article. We will give you their names as well as their function to help you understand your sewing machine by the hand.

Sewing Machine Parts Name List

It’s an exhaustive list, so relax take a sip of coffee and enjoy your studying. There’s no need to rush through this list. Take your time and enjoy spending just a few minutes studying the sewing equipment you have. It’s important to mention it is not true that all sewing equipment include all the components mentioned in this article. There are some basic sewing machines that have less components to them , and will cost you significantly less.

1. Spool Pin

  • Thread is usually in an Spool. This is the wood thread holder you can purchase at the shops. The spool pin stores the thread spool for you, making it simpler to connect your device and ensure that the thread is flowing in the direction you prefer it to. Find out more about the spool’s felt.

2. Bobbin Binder Spindle

Bobbin Binder Spindle
  • A bobbin is a small cylindrical device that can be equipped with or without Flanges. It is the place where thread is winding around it. The spindle is the place where the bobbin will be placed while the process of winding.

3. Bobbin Winder Stopper

  • The bobbin’s capacity is big. It is not always able to hold enough thread that you would like to add to it. This prevents the bobbin from collecting thread once it is full.

4. Stitch Width Dial

  • On the majority of newer sewing machines, you have various stitches to choose from. The goal of this feature is to regulate the zig-zag stitch option when you’re focusing on sewing.

5. Pattern Selector Dial

  • This dial lets you to choose a single stitch pattern from among the multitude of patterns built into the sewing machine. Turn the dial to select the design you’d like on your clothing and other fabrics you’d like to fix or create.

6. Hand Wheel

  • It is the needle control manual that raises or lowers the needle. It’s typically located on the right hand side of the unit. It shouldn’t be too difficult to turn.

7. Stitch Length Dial

  • The latest sewing machines could come with this feature connected to them. Its goal is to regulate the length of your chosen stitch. This allows you to stay in the control of your sewing tasks and ensure that you have what you need and want.

8. Reverse Stitch Lever

Reverse -titch-Lever
  • After you push the lever, you will be able to stitch in the reverse direction. This feature makes sewing a bit simpler and faster since it allows you to go forward or reverse if you want to.

9. Power Switch

  • You know the function of this switch. The most important thing to remember is to ensure that you have switched off your sewing machine before leaving. Additionally, it should be on the right-hand side of the machine.

10. Bobbin Winder Thread Guide

  • When you turn on this feature in your sewing device, you’re steering the thread towards bobbin. This makes winding your thread simpler and can stop tangles, twists, or threads that get caught.

11. Thread Tension Dial

  • Tension is essential when sewing. Insufficient tension can cause issues and excessive tension can cause your thread to snap and make sewing difficult as you need to replace the thread. This tiny part manages the tension on the thread, so be cautious when using it.

12. Thread Take-Up Lever

  • The top thread of your machine is pushed through this section when you sew. The lever is moved upwards and downwards with the needle. Don’t be worried that it’s continuously moving.

13. Needle Clamp Screw

  • Needles aren’t able to remain stationary on their own. It would be great to see them stay in place. It is necessary to secure your needle in the place it’s supposed to be. This also ensures your needle is safe when it moves.

14. Presser Foot

  • This is the area that holds your fabric to ensure it does not slip across the floor as you sew. It is crucial to control your fabric as you sew.

15. Bobbin Cover

  • Your sewing machine components require protection to ensure they are in good working order and also to ensure they to last for many years. This is the purpose of the cover for the bobbin. It safeguards the bobbin when it protects it.

16. Bobbin Cover Release Button

  • You also need the ability to access your bobbin whenever it is full of thread or you have an issue. This release button allows you to take off the cover for your bobbin and allow you accessibility to the bobbin.

17. Feed Dog

  • It’s a fascinating name, however it serves an extremely simple function. It allows you to feed your fabric through the machine while you sew. This lets you focus on other sewing requirements while you work.

18. Needle

  • A label that is self-explanatory and gives you all the information you should be aware of. It is the needle that forms an essential component of the machine sewing and without it, other components cannot perform their job.

19. Needle Plate

  • This piece is located below the needle and under the foot of the presser. Its purpose is to propel the fabric when you stitch. It can in pushing the fabric back when you switch to reverse on your machine.

Parts of Hand Sewing Machine

The hand-sewing machine model is operated with hand wheels or foot pedal. The pedal is usually referred to as the treadle, and it runs the sewing machine as you walk around with your feet. There are many models of hand sewing machines, so they might be missing some or all of the components listed in this list. There may also be duplicates of the above list. This is due to simple fact that there are components that are used to all sewing machines, regardless of the age or model.

1. Hand Wheel

  • This can be operated by the hand, and you can pull or push it to cause your needle to move up or down.

2. Foot Pedal or Treadle

  • In place of your left hand, you instead use your feet. You just need to push the lever to let the sewing machine perform as it ought to. It is possible to get some exercise with this technique.

3. Belts

  • They are just like the belts used to operate machines. Without them, your foot pedal or hand wheel would not be able to be moved by the needle or other moving parts on your machine.

4. Bobbin

  • It performs the same functions as above, it gathers your thread while you work.

5. Bobbin Case

  • The bobbin is held in place by this, and protects it from damage as it travels to spin your thread.

6. Bobbin Winder

  • It ensures that as you spin your thread the bobbin isn’t able to accumulate too much.

7. Needle Plate

  • Performs the same function for hand models as they can on the latest sewing machine. It assists in moving the fabric forward while sewing.

8. Shuttle

  • This tiny piece of equipment will work with your bobbin in order to ensure that you prevent the thread from becoming tangled and to ensure it is moving in the right direction.

9. Needles

  • The most crucial element of the sewing machine is. It’s possible to be in a position to sharpen them. It’s up to you if they are bent or not.

Overlock Sewing Machine Parts and Functions

This machine will feature similar components to the two mentioned above. We will attempt to emphasize only those parts which are unique to this machine , or are not listed in the lists above.

1. Lubricating Mechanisms

  • The oil is then transferred along with other materials for lubrication to the moving sewing machine components.

2. Needle Guard

  • It does exactly the job it claims to do. It is designed to protect the needle in case of an issue and there is the fabric is too large, or other object, gets too near the needle.

3. Loopers

  • This can help cut your thread and prevent it from getting caught or getting in the way.

4. Thread Guide and Takeup

  • This is the part that helps guide your thread to stay in the direction it must follow when it is moving. It then assists in resuming the thread when required to be completed.

5. Knives or Thread Cutter

  • This part will cut the thread in the place you would like it cut after you’ve finished sewing the thread or design. It’s usually the last step you take once you’ve finished your sewing project.

6. Gaskets

  • They help to in securing the metal parts and prevent them from generating excessive heat or friction.

7. Bushings & Bearings

  • These tiny parts ensure that all moving parts work exactly as they are supposed to. It is important to keep watch for them in the event that there’s an issue. They can become worn-out after a certain time.

8. Springs

  • Another component that is essential to allow your overlock machine function in peak condition constantly. They’re also a brittle component that can break or bend If you’re not cautious.

9. Screws, Washers and Nuts

  • Essential hardware that connects your overlock machine. You might have to tighten or loosen the screws from time-to-time since they could loosen or you’ll need to remove the screws to secure other components.

10. Needle Clamps

  • The other part is exactly as the one mentioned earlier. It is designed to hold your needle exactly where it should be and ensures that you complete your sewing work without any issues by the needle.

A Little History of The Sewing Machine

A-Little-History- of-The-Sewing-Machine

The invention was made during 1790 by an Englishman known as Thomas Saint. The first patent-pending sewing machine was an integrated effort that relied on the work of previous inventors in the form of ideas, concepts and breakthroughs. He is also recognized for creating the sewing machine in existence.

The device was capable of creating chainstitch. In 1832, Walter Hunt, in New York in 1832, brought his own ideas to the machine. He added the eye needle and lock stitch on his own version. The sewing machine evolved with time. The sewing machine was constantly updated with new inventions to enhance the sewing machine and make life more efficient and easy.

Another illustration of this was made around 1845 Elias Howe who placed the sharply curved eye needle as well as an under shuttle for thread to create his own model. He also managed to boost capacity of the machine by 252 stitches in a minute.

When 1846 was introduced, Isacc Singer developed the straight needle that created a machine that could stitch continuously. Then, and you’ll be familiar with about the Singer brand name The rest is history as the development of technology enabled superior sewing machines. We now have the most modern models that can do nearly everything.

Some Final Words

  • Knowing the sewing machine and its various components will help you to use your machine better. Knowing the way it operates can speed up threading and other things you’ll need to perform before starting.
  • There are always the same fundamental parts, regardless of the version you have and which one you use. These are the new developments you must be aware of as they can allow you to create amazing and stunning patterns and stitches.
  • Learn about your machine to ensure that your sewing abilities can improve and become even better than before.


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