Updated at: 10-01-2023 - By: Helen Skeates

Have you ever wondered what lies beneath your mattress?

Mattresses can come in a wide variety of shapes, sizes, and colors, but they always function similarly and are based on the same basic design.

I’ve learned that all mattresses consist of foam, batting, wool, cotton, adhesives, steel coils, a mattress base, and flame retardants.

These items are strategically placed under your mattress for maximum coziness and heat retention.

Would you like to find out what exactly is in your bed linens? To discover out, you’ll have to stay tuned.

What Is Inside Your Mattress?

Every bedroom needs a mattress. It’s plush, comfortable, and made up of the following seven parts:

Exactly what does a mattress consist of, then?

What Is a Mattress Made Of? - Mattress World Northwest

You may break it down into eight simple steps as follows:

Component #1. Foam

A dense block of foam could be composed of a number of different materials. Mattresses have it as one of their primary components.

The foam conforms to the shape of the body, making it easier to sit up straight.

More so, some foams are made and outfitted with temperature regulating technology that keeps your body warm.

There are several different kinds to choose from, including memory foam, gel memory foam, polyurethane foam, and others.

Component #2. Batting

Polyester battings provide some more “fluff” to the top of the mattress, giving it a more polished appearance. The mattresses are more comfy and visually appealing thanks to this material.

Component #3. Wool

A lot of people don’t realize that wool is actually a common ingredient in mattresses.

Wool, whether synthetic or natural, adds coziness and keeps you at a pleasant temperature in bed.

Component #4. Cotton

You can’t have a mattress or set of sheets without cotton.

Both the inside and outside of a bed can be made comfy by using this material because of its softness and breathability.

Component #5. Adhesives

Bonding the various layers of a mattress together is essential for its structural integrity. Layers, materials, and seams all within the mattress are adhered together.

To further reinforce the binding between the various layers, these adhesives are quilted together.

Component #6. Steel coils

The primary structure of a mattress is made up of steel coils. These coils are on top of the mattress’s base, which provides firm support and your bed’s bounciness.

Additionally, the coils are constructed from sturdy materials, so the bed will last for years to come.

Component #7. Mattress base

A mattress’s foundation is its most important component.

Without this, the beds would topple over.

Such bases can be fixed or moveable, and can be constructed from plastic or wood.

Mattresses with substantial bases are great if you don’t already have a platform on your bed.

Why so? The platform itself serves as a support structure, after all.

Component #8. Flame retardants

This inner mattress component is mandated by American law due to fire safety concerns and regulations.

In the event of a fire, flame retardants can prevent further damage.

Common Mattress Types

Although all mattresses have these components, their precise arrangement within the mattress may vary.

The following are the distinguishing features of three of the most often encountered mattress types:

Hybrid mattresses

The use of hybrid materials in mattresses has been the norm recently.

Beds with this level of luxury typically have a coil support structure and multiple comfort layers of foam, latex, or gel.

The fewer times an individual turns and tosses because of pressure points relieved by the layering effect.

Moreover, the foundation of the mattress is buoyant, soft, and conducive to good posture.

Mattress professionals commonly recommend hybrid models.

Why so?

All sleep styles are catered to in the design of these bed sets.

It has all the workings of a bed built in, so that everyone can have a good night’s rest.

Innerspring mattresses

Mattresses with innersprings come next, and these might be either open coils or pocketed coils.

Supportive coil springs are encased in a cotton-blend fabric in this mattress.

Keep in mind that the use of these coils is no guarantee of comfort.

To minimize movement during the night and provide consistent support, an innerspring mattress is the best option.

What's inside your mattress matters - Ely Mattress

Memory foam mattresses

Most conventional mattresses don’t have the special memory foam apparatus found in a memory foam mattress.

These mattresses’ stretch knit covers may make even the most uncomfortable sleeper feel like a million bucks.

The foams are embedded in the mattress’s core layer, which, thanks to its high density and elevated position, offers reliable support.

In general, memory foam mattresses are more durable than others and have fewer coils, making them less springy.

A memory foam mattress, however, can withstand the wear and tear of even the most heavy sleepers over a long period of time.

Does the inside of a mattress affect one’s sleep and comfort?

Yes! The inner structure of a mattress is what determines how it will feel and how long it will last.

It’s important to think about the features, benefits, and drawbacks of each component of a bed in order to choose the one that’s best for you.

5 Benefits of A Good Mattress

1. Achieve Adequate, Quality Nighttime Sleep

Finally, the most important benefit of a good mattress over a terrible one is the increased likelihood that you will have a restful night’s sleep or a refreshing afternoon nap. Cloud nine comfort can be obtained via mattresses that specialize on pressure point relief, mattresses that provide enough back support, or both.

Your mattress, if it’s any good, will facilitate rather than disrupt your slumber. Insomnia, restlessness, and sore muscles in the morning could all be indicators that it’s time to upgrade to a more comfortable mattress. If you suffer from chronic back discomfort, I highly recommend checking out this link right now to learn more about the most highly recommended mattresses for people like you.

2. Promote Good Form and Posture

Most people probably don’t realize that they sleep in a variety of postures. It’s possible to keep or even enhance your shape and posture with the help of the correct mattress. You need a mattress that supports healthy posture if you sleep in the same position night after night.

People who sleep on their sides, for instance, are more likely to experience back pain because the fetal posture increases pressure on the spine and neck. Since it will be pressed down against the mattress, it might also exert pressure on the arms and shoulders, cutting off circulation. Furthermore, stress on the organs is increased when you sleep on your right side.

Memory foam mattresses, thankfully, have side sleepers covered. The responsiveness of the material can help keep the spine in proper alignment and relieve pressure in key areas. Joint and spinal health can be jeopardized if you choose a mattress that isn’t designed for side sleepers. Consider your preferred sleeping posture before making a purchase.

3. Keep Your Mental and Emotional Health in Check

Lack of a suitable mattress can seriously disrupt one’s sleeping patterns. Sleeping on a terrible mattress every night can lead to sleep deprivation, which could have fatal consequences. Short-term and long-term effects of sleep deprivation are well-documented, and these effects can have a significant impact on a person’s mental and emotional wellbeing.

If you don’t get enough shut-eye, you may have some of the following negative consequences on your mental and emotional well-being:

  • a failure to maintain focus and clarity.
  • Affects alertness and concentration, resulting in daytime sleepiness and yawning.
  • causes a rise in irritation and mood swings.
  • Disorders of the mind such as anxiety, depression, bipolar, and ADD are made worse (ADHD).
  • leads to subpar mental performance and functioning.

If you invest in a high-quality mattress, you’ll reduce your risk of developing any of the aforementioned health problems while you snooze. However, keep in mind that even with the most comfortable bed, you probably won’t get the finest sleep.

4. Develop an Inclination to Your Sleeping

Unfortunately, a terrible mattress is just one of the numerous individual factors that can cause people to dislike sleeping. Some people are so busy working, going to school, and socializing that they neglect to get enough sleep. A new mattress could help you get your sleep back to where it once was.

If you’re the type that still feels unsatisfied even after a full eight hours of sleep, the problem might lie in your bed. Making your bedroom more comfortable and relaxing will help you sleep longer and better.

Have a good night’s sleep, it’s important to your health. If you’re having trouble getting to sleep in your bedroom, here are some suggestions:

  • Keep your bed set aside for rest and romance.
  • Reduce background noise and other potential interruptions.
  • Reduce the temperature to a comfortable level, preferably around 65 degrees Fahrenheit or 18.3 degrees Celsius.
  • Keep all electronics away from reach
  • Electronics should be kept out of reach.
  • Put all electronics out of children’s reach.

5. Get the Most Out of Your Purchase

Please put all electronic devices out of reach.

Therefore, a quality mattress is an investment that will last a lifetime. If you take good care of your mattress, it should last you at least a few years.

Look at the typical durability of various mattress materials:

  • Five to six and a half years is typical for an innerspring.
  • 6–7 years for foam
  • 5–8.5 years for latex
  • 5–7.5 years for hybrids

How to Keep Your Mattress in Good Shape Longer

Our team has compiled a list of the top ten techniques to maintain your mattress and avoid untimely breakdowns.

1. Make sure your mattress is properly supported.

It is important to make sure your mattress has the correct amount of support, even though you don’t always need to buy the matching box spring or foundation with a new mattress. This aids in preserving fabrics and avoiding premature wear.

Seek advice from the maker or the warranty’s terms and conditions. While spring mattresses are the only ones that should ever be on a box spring, memory foam and other speciality mattresses should always have a strong foundation.

A bed’s frame, whether it be a twin, full, queen, or king size, should be built to hold the weight of the sleeper and the mattress. Depending on the type and weight of the mattress, a platform bed with wide slats may require additional slat support.

Every year or so, you should inspect the slats and springs supporting your bed to make sure there are no breaks that could compromise the integrity of your mattress.

2. Use a mattress protector from the beginning.

One of the finest and simplest ways to extend the life of your bed is to use a mattress protector, the advantages of which we have discussed in the past.

A high-quality mattress protector not only keeps your bed clean and free of dust, debris, and filth, but it also provides waterproof protection in case of accidents.

This prevents allergens like mildew and dust mites from accumulating on your bed, keeps skin oils and sweat off the bed, and helps preserve the life of the materials inside your bed. As an added bonus, a protector may be easily washed and dried after an accident, and many of the newest models are as comfortable as a standard fitted sheet.

3. Wash bed linens regularly.

Sweat, oils, hair, and dead skin cells are all shed during sleep. Crumbs from breakfast in bed and cat fur are just two examples of the mess that can be tracked into the bedroom. All of this, aside from looking unpleasant, can permeate a mattress, providing a fertile environment for bacteria and dust mites.

Most cleaning professionals agree that washing bed linens once every week to two weeks is optimal. Although a mattress protector may help, it is still necessary to regularly wash bed sheets and pillowcases. Protectors for mattresses should be washed as directed by the manufacturer.

Inside of a Mattress - Breaking Down Components In Your Bed

4. Get pets separate beds to snuggle in.

If you’re concerned about what might be hiding in your covers, consider buying your pet a bed of its own.

A pet, no matter how clean they are kept, will track in dirt and grime from the outdoors, as well as lose hair and skin cells, much like their human owners. Sometimes pets have accidents, too, which can seriously damage a mattress.

5. Rotate the mattress regularly.

Regularly rotating a mattress of any size or composition is beneficial. Although not all manufacturers recommend it, rotating can help ensure your tires wear evenly and prevent depressions or soft spots.

Flip your mattress from head to foot 180 degrees every 4-6 months. For the first few years while the mattress settles in, this is crucial.

6. No jumping on the bed!

In case you forgot, your mom was right when she advised you to stay off the bed. Although spring, water, and air beds are more likely to be damaged by rigorous use, foundations, frames, and foams will all wear out more quickly under heavy stress.

7. Take care when moving your mattress.

Protect your mattress during transport by wrapping it in plastic and keeping it from being bent or folded. Heavy-duty mattress bags that can be sealed with tape are available at many moving and box stores; these are great for protecting your bed from dust, water, and scrapes, as well as keeping it clean.

A mattress should be moved by standing it up on its sides to prevent it from folding or sagging. Manufacturers of mattress covers with handles often advise against using them for this purpose.

8. Don’t bring home unwanted hitchhikers.

One of the quickest ways to damage a mattress is by infesting it with bedbugs, which can be tough to get rid of once they’ve set up shop.

Keep your luggage off the floor and check the bed for symptoms of bed bugs whenever you stay somewhere other than your own house. Texas A&M University offers advice on how to avoid carrying bedbugs home in the event that you find signs of infestation.

Consider utilizing a mattress encasement designed to prevent the entry of these pests if you live in an apartment or a portion of the country where they are common. These are superior than mattress protectors since they completely encase the mattress and have locking zippers to keep bugs out.

9. Let the light in occasionally.

Once every two weeks, on a dry, bright day, remove the sheets and let the bed air out for several hours (though if bedbugs are possible, leave the cover on).

According to research conducted at Kingston University, this helps avoid moisture problems caused by both sleepers and humidity.

10. Follow manufacturer cleaning directions.

Regular cleaning of any mattress is recommended for both the health of the sleeper and the mattress itself.

Most beds should be vacuumed with the hose attachment to eliminate surface dust, and many manufacturers give cleaning instructions.

Make sure stains are dry before making the bed after treating them with a gentle soap and water solution. Harsh chemical cleansers should be avoided on foams since they compromise the durability of the foam.

Vacuuming once every three months is recommended, and spot treating stains as they occur is also recommended, depending on dust levels, allergies, or personal choice.

The fundamentals of mattress care and maintenance are same across mattress kinds and manufacturers. Simply said, maintain a tidy bed by avoiding spills and stains, keeping it out of harm’s way, giving it a solid foundation, and turning it over often to guarantee uniform wear.

Many factors affect how long your mattress will last, but following these guidelines can help you get the most out of your purchase and sleep soundly for years to come. A 10-year warranty is typical for mattresses, whether you buy them from a traditional retailer or online.

Final Words

To begin, what is it that a mattress actually contains?

Foam, batting, wool, cotton, adhesives, steel coils, a mattress base, and flame retardants are all standard components found within a mattress.

When you have a good idea of what kind of mattress works best for you, you’ll be one step closer to living a life of complete ease.

Take into account the information presented here about mattresses when looking for the right one for you.

Wishing you the best of luck!